The term methodology is used in several ways:
- To refer to a codified set of working methods, recommended practices, procedures and processes to be used in a specific discipline. It is sometimes accompanied by training materials, formal educational programs, worksheets, and diagramming tools. This term may have come to the Foresight field from project management and software engineering.
- As a synonym for "method," particularly in the case of a complex method or body of methods, rules, and postulates employed in a discipline.
- Referring to the science that studies the methods of problem solving. Most sciences have their own specific methodology.