The IPTS/ESTO (European Science and Technology Observatory network) Science and Technology Roadmapping (S&TRM) project, which ran from September 2002 until May 2003, was set up to address three main questions:
- What are the major societal challenges facing Europe?
- What are the emerging technological responses to these challenges?
- What are the pathways between these challenges and responses?
The pilot phase of the project consisted of an overview study to review and develop science and technology mapping and to prepare two pilot roadmaps:
- The "Ambient Intelligence in Everyday Life" Roadmap [Friedewald & Da Costa 2003 ~1.2Mb];
- "The Healthcare Technologies Roadmap: Effective Delivery of Healthcare in the Context of an Ageing Society," [Braun et al 2003 ~860 kb]
S&TRM originated from the industry. The aim of this project was therefore to assess the value of this methodology for policy intelligence, whether issue-driven roadmaps could be a valuable and cost-effective tool to inform research and development policy at European level and to support the needs of a range of users including policy-makers.
As shown in the figure, the process consists of the following four successive but interrelated phases:
- Drafting of a Review Paper linking the user needs with key functions where AmI is expected to "make a difference", to capture both foreseeable AmI applications and everyday behaviour (social trends).
- Definition of Key Technologies needed for the development of the AmI applications and/or functions and construction of the Key Functions versus Key Technologies Matrix.
- Mapping of Key Technologies over Time, using an annual time scale and a time horizon of up to 15 to 20 years. This is the Technology Roadmap synthesising the:
- Key nodal points;
- Potential breakthroughs or disruptions;
- Alternative scenarios;
- Co-dependencies, i.e. how different technologies need to evolve and come together at a certain point in time in order to allow progress on the macro level.
- From the two previous steps, the potential trajectories of key functions/products over time are derived. This is the Function Roadmap synthesising the:
- Key nodal points, milestones or 'rendez-vous' points: the meeting of enabling technologies for the emergence of a new generation of products/services;
- Potential breakthroughs or disruptions of varying types (S&T, economy, environment, society, demography, policy);
- Critical paths for the development of the key functions;
- Alternative scenarios;
Methodological Approach of the AmI@Life S& T Road mapping exercise