The same rules of good project management practice apply to Foresight as to any other project. An implementation plan needs to be drawn up and followed, the project management practices should be put in place to continuously observe and ensure that the resources foreseen for each project step are used effectively (as defined in the implementation plan), that work schedules are ketp to, and that outputs actually materialise.
The project needs to be monitored rigorously:
- To observe the activities during each project step and constantly compare them against the targets.
- To continuously adapt the implementation plan to its environment. The knowledge gained and the active participation of stakeholders may alter your view of the project. As Foresight exercises cannot be strictly defined from the outset, this is the best mechanism for incorporating changes.
The participatory nature of Foresight creates two specific challenges:
Various guidelines for improving Foresight practice and enhancing its impact on policy-making have been highlighted within the Mutual Learning process:
There is more information on managing the process in some of the example cases: